One of the most commonly performed diagnostic tests in women is a gynecological examination, the main purpose of which is to evaluate the genitals. Visits to a gynecologist can be embarrassing for many patients, but in fact it is the same specialist as any other doctor. Learn more about what exactly gynecology is and how to prepare for a visit to a gynecological clinic.
What does gynecology do?
It is a department of medicine specializing in the prevention and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive system. What is important, gynecology does not focus exclusively on the female genital organs. The scope of this discipline also includes various disorders that are associated with breast (eg cysts, breast cancer).
In addition, this area is closely related to obstetrics, and doctors working in gynecological clinics may have various additional specialties such as, for example, obstetrician-gynecologist, in order to be able to comprehensively take care of women’s health.
Who’s the gynecologist?
He is a specialist in the field of gynecology, who deals with the health of women of all ages, from childhood, through adolescence, to adulthood and the mature period. His place of work can be a hospital, a clinic or a gynecological clinic. In addition to specializing in the diagnosis, differentiation and treatment of various diseases associated with the reproductive system, she also deals with the management of pregnancy and the provision of professional advice in the field of contraception.
When should the first visit to the gynecologist take place?
Specialists agree that the gynecological clinic should be visited by every woman who has not turned twenty years old. The first visit to a specialist gynaecologist is best planned in the period after the onset of menstruation, but before the onset of sexual intercourse. A minor must come to visit with his / her mother or legal guardian. It is worth adding that not every doctor can agree to the examination on the basis of written consent. Some specialists require a personal conversation with the caregiver.
The age at which a gynaecological visit is scheduled may also be affected by various symptoms that should prompt medical advice. These include, but are not limited to, pain, burning or itching of the intimate area, irregular periods, vaginal discharge, and spotting.
What kind of tests does a gynecologist do?
The basic examination carried out by a specialist in the field of gynecology is a test on the so-called gynecological chair. It is carried out with the help of a special speculum, thanks to which the doctor can visualize the disc, and then the cervix. Cytological material may also be collected during this test.
Where can I find a gynaecology clinic?
At the moment there are many gynecological clinics that accept women of all ages. Among them there are both institutions providing private services, and under contracts with the national health fund. If you are interested in a proven gynecological clinic, then you can apply for a visit to the clinic. Its specialists offer full diagnostics and comprehensive treatment in the field of various gynecological diseases. In addition, the clinic carries out preventive measures for cervical and breast cancer.